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A previous version of this text was published as “CALL Essentials: Principles and practice in CALL classrooms” by Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. 700 South Washington Street, Suite 200, Alexandria, Virginia 22314 USA
Figure 2.1. Copyright © 2000 by Tim Johns. Used with permission.
Figure 3.1. Copyright © 1996 by Adam Rado. All rights reserved. Used with permission. Figure 3.2. Copyright © Tom Snyder Productions, Inc. Used with permission.
Figure 4.1. Photo taken by author.
Figure 4.2. College of Education, Washington State University. Used by permission. Figure 5.1. Mark Twain photo by www.PDImages.com.
Figure 5.2. “Janet” used with permission of Right Seat Software, Inc., publisher of Vox Proxy. Figure 6.1. The NASA SCIence Files~A, NASA Langley Research Center. Produced by the Office of Education’s Distance Learning Center.
Figure 8.1. Copyright © 2004 by FableVision. Used with permission.
Figure 9.1. Screenshot of 21st Century Literacies: Tools for Reading the World reprinted by permission. Copyright © 1999 by Debbie Abilock, NoodleTeach: NoodleTools, Inc., http://www.noodletools.com/debbie/literacies/21c.html
Figure 9.2. Copyright © 1994 by Larry Magid. Used with permission.
Figure 10.1. Copyright © 1997 by Learning Point Associates. All rights reserved. Used with permission.
Figure 11.1. Used with permission of Dell Computers, Inc.
Thanks to Lee Ehman at Indiana University for permission to use his Mystery Character activity.
Thanks also to the teachers who contributed their thoughts to the Teachers’ Voices section in each chapter.
Every effort has been made to contact the copyright holders for permission to reprint borrowed material.

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Copyright by Joy Egbert and Seyed Abdollah Shahrokni is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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